A Patent Registration is a title giving the right to exploit in exclusive an invention, not allowing third parties its manufacture, sell or use without the consent of the principal. The patent can be referred to a new procedure, a new equipment, a new product or an improvement of them.
The duration of the Patent Registration is non-extendable 20 years from the filing date.
The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) allows to deposit just one international patent application in 148 countries and also allows the international search report (State of the Art Report) is binding for all the designated countries within the request, so that it won't have to be done again in the respective national phases.
The PCT system (or EURO-PCT if it also includes the European Patent) is a form of cooperation among the signatory states of the Treaty for the presentation, search and preliminary exam for the Patents applications, assigning a unique presentation date that will be valid on each of the designated countries once the national phases start.
The European Patent Registration is a sole patent registration that gives protection in the most part of the European countries. Currently the number of countries belonging to the European Patent Convention (EPC) is 38, namely: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Holland, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Monaco, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and Turkey.
The European Patent Registration is given for non-extendable 20 years from filing date.